A critical care nurse is the primarily the one who cares for clients who are very ill. He provides a direct one-on-one care and is responsible for making life-and-death decision at high risk of injury or illness from possible exposure to infections. Being a critical care nurse, communication skill is of optimal importance
Critically ill clients are the ones that are at high risk for actual or potential life- threatening health problems. They are more ill comparing to other patients which required more intensive and careful nursing care.
CLASSIFICATION OF CRITICAL CARE CLIENTS
They are classified into different levels namely: LEVEL 1- normal ward care; LEVEL 2: at risk of deteriorating, support from critical care team; LEVEL 3: more observation or intervention, single failing organ or post operative care; and LEVEL 4: advanced respiratory support or basic respiratory support, multi-organ failure.
PRINCIPLES OF CRITICAL CARE
Continuous monitoring and treatment; high intensity therapies and interventions; expert surveillance and efficiency; alert to early manifestation of other organ failure; and recognition of parameters denoting progress or deteriorating.
GOALS OF CRITICAL CARE
Towards the survival of the critical ill patients and restoring quality of life; restoring optimal physiological, psychological, social and spiritual potential; helping the families of the critically ill patients in coping with crises.